Do Not Panic
Are you worried that you might diagnose with diabetes? Some people have a few diabetes symptoms, however it was so mild that they would go unnoticed. Most of the people in Malaysia did not notice the symptoms, where the treatment would be delayed. Uncontrolled blood sugar in a long period of time will cause damages to the body including blindness, kidney failure, nerve damage and etc.
What are the sign for diabetes symptoms?
1. Frequent urination
An individual usually go to the toilet approximately four to seven times in a day. However, people with diabetic will urinate more compared to non-diabetic individual.
For a non-diabetic individual, the body will reabsorb glucose as it passes through the kidneys. For a diabetic individual, the body will have high blood sugar level where the body is unable to bring it down. Therefore, the body will try to get rid it by producing extra urine which will take up more fluid.
People with diabetic will tend to go to the toilet more often, particularly at night. When you are peeing too much, our body is lack of water as well. Therefore, we would feel thirsty.
2. Excessive thirst
Excessive thirst which is also known as polydipsia is one of the most common diabetic symptoms. It is the same concept as frequent urination, it happened when the kidney is unable to reabsorb the sugar, causing excess sugar is excreted into the urine which will drag along with the fluids from the tissues. This would triggers frequent urination and may leave you dehydrated. Therefore you would feel thirsty all the time. The more fluid you drink, you will urinate more.
3. Tiredness and fatigue
Some people will feel fatigue as this is because of dehydration due to urination and our body is unable to function properly. Our body is using less sugar for energy needs. Thus, we will feel tired.
4. Weight loss
What I mean weight loss was unintended weight loss where you did not plan to lose weight or you are not on a diet. When we lose sugar through urination, we are losing calories at the same time. Besides that, diabetes will keep the sugar from reaching our body cells which will lead to constant hunger. If you are type 1 diabetes, it will cause rapid weight loss.
5. Blurred Vision
One of the diabetes symptoms is involving our vision. High level of blood glucose in the body will attract fluid from the tissues which includes the lenses of our eyes. The shape of the eyes will be affected which will affect the ability to focus.
If it is left untreated or the blood sugar is constantly high for a long period of time, it will cause new blood vessels to form in the retina which is the back of our eyes and it would damage the established blood vessels. If these changes are not being detected, this can lead to vision loss or blindness.
6. Slow healing process or frequent infection
Infection is more common in people with diabetic. Besides that, individual with diabetic will experience slow healing process compared to non-diabetic individual. This is because the high blood sugar level will impair the body’s ability to heal and the ability to fight infection. Therefore, if there is a wound, it will take a longer period of time to heal.
7. A tingling sensation or numbness in the feet and hands
There are a lot of consequences of high blood sugar level as one of it is to damage nerves. Due to nerve damage, you would feel tingling sensation of numbness in the feet and hand or even burning sensation in your arm, legs, feet and hand.
8. Genital Thrush
Thrush is a type of yeast infection which is caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. It tends to affect moist and warm areas including penis, vagina and mouth. Thrush is a common symptom in diabetic patient due to high blood sugar which is a better condition for the yeast to grow. Besides that, damaged or irritated skin also promotes the growth of thrush. A dry mouth with a high amount of sugar in the saliva is also a favourable condition for thrush.
One type of diabetes symptoms can be found in women is vagina thrush which is also known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. The symptoms of vagina thrush includes soreness, irritation, white curd appearance on the skin, white vagina discharge, itching around the vagina area, reddening of the vulva (the outer part of the vagina) and pain during sexual intercourse.
On the other hand, the symptoms of thrush is men (candida balanitis) are reddening, swelling, or soreness of the head of penis, itching around the head of penis, discharge beneath the foreskin, nasty odour, white curd like appearance on the skin, experiencing pain during urination as well as experiencing pain during sexual intercourse.
Besides that, the symptoms of oral thrush (oral candidiasis) are redness and bleeding inside the mouth, a nasty or bitter taste, painful and sore mouth, cracks at the corner of the lips, creamy white coloured patches (lesions) in the mouth around the cheeks, lips, tongue or the back of the mouth.
9. Erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is a common problem among diabetic men. Up to 75% of the men who suffers from diabetes will experience some degree of erectile dysfunction over the course of lifetime. Diabetic men are more likely to develop erectile dysfunction between 10 to 15 years earlier than men who do not have diabetes.
In order to obtain an erection, men need to have healthy blood vessels, nerves and male hormones. As high blood sugar will destroy the nerves around the penis which is one of the causes of erectile dysfunction.
*If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please consult a doctor. It does not mean that you will have diabetes. But it will be worth checking as the saying goes, prevention is better than cure.